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ECN publication
REFUEL: Potential and realizable cost reduction of 2nd generation biofuels
Lensink, S.M.; Deurwaarder, E.P.; Londo, H.M.; Junginger, H.M.; Wit, M de
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 7-5-2007
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-M--07-113 Conference Paper
Number of pages: Full text:
5 Download PDF  

Presented at: 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Berlin, Germany, 7-11 mei 2007.

The REFUEL assesses steering possibilities for and impacts of a greater market penetration of biofuels. Several benefits are attributed to second generation biofuels, fuels made from lignocellulosic feedstock, such as higher productivity, less impacts on land use and food markets and improved greenhouse gas emission reductions. The chances of second generation biofuels entering the market autonomously are assessed and several policy measures enhancing those changes are evaluated. It shows that most second generation biofuels might become competitive in the biofuel market, if the production of biodiesel from oil crops becomes limited by land availability. Setting high biofuel targets, setting greenhouse gas emissions caps on biofuel and selling subtargets for second generation biofuels, all have a similar impact of stimulating second generation’s entrance into the biofuel market. Contrary, low biofuel targets and high imports can have a discouraging impact on second generation biofuel development, and thereby on overall greenhouse gas performance. Since this paper shows preliminary results from the REFUEL study, one is advised to contact the authors before quantitatively referring to this paper.

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