ECN publication
Reduction of Environmental Impacts in Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Technology - An Analysis of Driving Forces and Opportunities
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Solar Energy 20-6-2007
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-M--07-059 Conference Paper
Number of pages: Full text:
10 Download PDF  

Presented at: Materials Research Society Fall 2007 Symposium, Boston, USA, 26-30 november 2007.

We give an overview of historical developments with respect to the price and the Energy Pay-Back Time of crystalline silicon photovoltaic modules. We investigate the drivers behind both developments and observe that there is a large overlap between them. Reduction of silicon consumption, improved cell efficiency and the production technology for solar grade silicon have been identified as major drivers for both cost and impact reductions in the past. Also we look into future prospects for reduction of environmental impacts. It is estimated that developments underway to reduce costs will also result in a reduction of the Energy Pay-Back Time of a PV installation (in South-Europe) from 1.5-2.0 year presently to well below 1 year

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