ECN publication
Energy efficiency in the Netherlands: Dutch contribution to the project 'Cross country comparison on energy efficiency'
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 1-12-1997
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-C--98-007 ECN publication
Number of pages: Full text:
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The study uses energy indicators to present and review the energyefficiency situation in the Netherlands in the last decades. The indicators are calculated along a common methodology, using the ODYSSEE database and national data. Also, a short account is given of energy efficiency and environmental policy initiatives in the Netherlands in 1996 and 1997. The improvement of the national final energy intensity since 1982 was 16%. The main factors explaining the intensities at macro level are the fuel prices, the sectoral structure (influenced by economic growth), and the effort and funds devoted to energy conservation policy. In industry, the energy intensity of all branches has decreased between 1987 and 1994 with 1 to 2% annually. After 1990, the relatively large growth of value added of the chemical industry compared to total manufacturing has made the structure of the economy more energy intensive. Relatively high growth in food, basic metals and paper industries also contributed to this effect. In the residential sector, energy efficiency has increased in the period 1980 to 1990, mainly due to improved insulation and 'good housekeeping'. After 1990, the rise in electricity use per household and the stabilisation of the use of natural gas per dwelling have led to a decrease in energy efficiency in the household sector. Both for freight transport and passenger transport, an increase in the number of vehicles and the distance travelled per year, combined with a decrease in the energy consumption per vehicle (improved efficiency) has resulted in an overall increase in the energy consumption. The total energy intensity in the service sector has decreased about 20% in the period 1980-1994. The rise in energy intensity of electricity is compensated by improvements in labour productivity and building insulation. 19 refs.

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