ECN publication
Spillover effects from wind power
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 1-11-2004
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-C--04-058 ECN publication
Number of pages: Full text:
32 Download PDF  


This case study presents an analysis of spillover effects in the development of wind power, based on a review of four recent studies on the development of wind power in EU countries. One of the studies reviewed considers knowledge spillover from Denmark to Germany and the UK. Another provides insight in spillover from Denmark and the US to Germany and Spain.

It is realistic to assume that spillover effects from wind turbine technology in Denmark to other Annex 1 countries of the Kyoto protocol have occurred in the period 1980-2000, although the magnitude of the effects is difficult to quantify. Spillover to non-Annex 1 countries has been far less important, as most developing countries are in an early stage of the development of their wind resources. A second type of spillover effect has to do with the adoption of policies favouring wind energy.

These spillover effects are related to onshore wind technology. The development of offshore wind power is in such an early stage that spillover effects may be hardly distinguished. EU countries and the EU could consider to support offshore wind power, not only for reasons of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and creating employment in indigenous wind turbine business, but also because of possible spillover effects to developing countries with regard to knowledge of offshore wind power.

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