ECN publication
Energy efficiency obligations in the Netherlands - a role for white certificates?
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 14-10-2009
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-E--09-045 ECN publication
Number of pages: Full text:
28 Download PDF  

The Netherlands have introduced ambitious energy and climate policy, but additional instruments will be necessary to achieve the targets. This paper tries to answer the question whether energy efficiency obligations might be introduced and which lessons can be learned from Denmark, France, Italy and the United Kingdom based on their experiences with utility obligations (also called white certificates). The conclusion is that, potentially, they provide a useful contribution to the Netherlands’ toolbox of energy policy instruments.

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