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ECN publication
An overview of biofuel technologies, markets and policies in Europe
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 1-1-2003
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-C--03-008 ECN publication
Number of pages: Full text:
64 Download PDF  

For fuels produced from biomass, various conversion routes are availablethat follow from the different types of biomass that can serve as a feedstock. These conversion technologies are discussed in both technological and economic terms. For each route, the fuel characteristics of the biofuel are described and compared to those of the fossil fuel it can replace, either petrol or diesel. Currently, the European biofuel market only consists of biodiesel (e.g. Rapeseed Methyl Ester, RME) and ethanol (and its derivative ETBE). The production and application of these biofuels is discussed for the most important biofuel countries in the European Union and the countries in which the use of biofuels is less developed. The report also describes national and European policies aimed at stimulating the production and application of biofuels. There is a special focus on two European Directive proposals on the promotion of the use of biofuels in transport and the process towards adoption of these Directives.

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