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ECN publication
Roadmap VNMI. Inzet van hernieuwbare energie
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 16-5-2011
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-E--11-031 ECN publication
Number of pages: Full text:
46 Download PDF  

To reach energy efficient production of metals and metal products, the Dutch metal manufactur-ers are considering using renewable electricity in the production processes, as part of their agreement (Covenant) with the Dutch government to introduce more efficient and sustainable production processes. Use of renewable electricity is a part of this Covenant. The Dutch associa-tion of metals industry (VNMI) commissioned ECN to provide insight in the expected cost and benefit developments of a switch to the renewable electricity options solar, wind and biomass in both the short term and the long term. In addition, a new concept for subsidising renewable elec-tricity, the so-called ‘DAAN’ concept, has been analysed.

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