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ECN publication
Potentials for energy efficiency and renewable energy sources in the Netherlands
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Energy in the Built Environment 4-5-2007
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-M--07-039 Conference Paper
Number of pages: Full text:
16 Download PDF  

Presented at: Conference 'Energy Future 2030', Wels, Austria, 7 maart 2007.

In this paper insight is given in the potentials for energy efficiency and renewable energy sources, specifically when applied to the built environment in the Netherlands. To this end, an analysis is presented of the building stock development from now to 2050 and building concepts and scenarios for a mid-century energy-neutral built environment in the Netherlands. The analysis deals with new and existing residential and non-residential buildings and distinguishes different aspects of the energy balance; space heating and cooling, domestic hot water and electricity consumption. An analysis is made of the mix of measures which is needed to reach net energy-neutrality in the built environment in 2050. With the term 'net energy-neutrality', the overall annual energy-usage of the complete building stock, including built environment related systems such as streets within cities is meant, incorporating energy exchange with the industry and transport sectors. For the separate measures the technological feasibility is assessed and set against the current research developments in the Netherlands.

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