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ECN publication
Eyes on the track, Mind on the horizon. From inconvenient rapeseed to clean wood: A European road map for biofuels
Londo, H.M.; Lensink, S.M.; Wakker, A.; Fischer, G; Prieler, S.; Velthuizen, H. van; Wit, M de; Faaij, A; Junginger, M.; Berndes, G.; Hansson, J.; Egeskog, A.; Duer, H; Lundbaek, J.; Wisniewski, G.; Kupczyk, A.; K├Ânighofer, K
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 2-6-2008
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-M--08-038 Conference Paper
Number of pages: Full text:
4 Download PDF  

Presented at: 16th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition, Valencia, Spain, 2-6 juni 2008.

The current hot debate on biofuels calls for a balanced and realistic long-term strategy for biofuels. The REFUEL project provides several ingredients for such a strategy. Analyses in this project indicate that domestically produced biofuels can cover a significant share of EU fuel demand in the coming decades, with the EU-12 new member states and Ukraine as most promising regions. This potential can be realised with residual streams and on existing agricultural land, without conversion of e.g. nature reserves. Second-generation biofuels are essential for the long-term success of biofuels due to their superior performance in many ways. But generally, the key challenge for the near future would be how to enhance the development of biofuels in a responsible way, i.e. stimulating the production chains with the best performance, and preventing negative impacts e.g., by paying careful attention to possible system impacts of biofuel production such as indirect land use changes and rising food prices. Finally, 2nd generation biofuels require specific policy: the precursor role of 1st generation is overrated, both in technical terms as well as in their role as market precursors. When it comes to synergies, 2nd generation biofuels might benefit more from other developments in the energy sector, such as initiatives in co-firing of biomass for (heat and) power, than from 1st generation biofuels, also because of the public resistance that the latter induce.

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