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ECN publication
Wafer-based crystalline silicon modules at 1 €/Wp: Final results from the CrystalClear integrated project
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Solar Energy 5-7-2010
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-M--10-060 Conference Paper
Number of pages: Full text:
4 Download PDF  

Presented at: Silicon for the Chemical and Solar Industry X, Alesund-Geiranger, Norway, 28 juni 2010-2 juli 2010.

CrystalClear [1-5] was a 5½-year Integrated Project carried out in the 6th Framework Program of the EU. It was finished in June 2009. The project aimed at developing technology for wafer-based silicon solar modules at 1 € per watt-peak manufacturing costs and a strongly improved environmental profile. The project was a joint effort of a consortium of 16 European companies, research institutes and university groups involved in wafer-based crystalline silicon PV technology. The project has shown that wafer-based multicrystalline-silicon solar modules can be produced at 1 € per watt-peak at a world-record efficiency of 16% and an energy pay-back time of less than 2 years in Southern Europe.

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