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ECN publication
Title:
Role of CCS in the international climate regime
 
Author(s):
Hagemann, M.; Moltmann, S.; Palenberg, A.; Visser, E. de; Höhne, N.; Jung, M.; Bakker, S.J.A.
 
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 26-4-2011
 
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-O--11-032 Other
 
Number of pages: Full text:
72 Download PDF  

Abstract:
In its recent roadmap the IEA argued that CCS, in order to be effective, needs to be implemented on an international level. International cooperation is necessary to reduce costs, exchange ideas with implementation issues learned from experience and increase CCS implementation in developing countries. The aim of this study is to analyse ways to increase international cooperation in order to roll out CCS globally in developed but also developing countries. In this paper, we reviewed current international support mechanisms for CCS. We conclude that it is promising to consider bilateral and multilateral country partnerships outside the UNFCCC process. A review of existing CCS-related partnerships, undertaken within this study, showed that a growing number of such partnerships exist. These processes tend to focus on a limited number of issues, namely financing and implementation of R&D projects in the power sector, general knowledge exchange and capacity building as well as broad regulatory studies, and regions such as China. They do not sufficiently cover other important issues, such as financing and the implementation of regulatory frameworks. Partnerships with countries other than China, such as South Africa and India, are only small in size to this date. We suggest three possible non-mutually exclusive pathways for CCS for the future. The first is to develop a sophisticated technology mechanism for CCS. The goal of such a mechanism would be to coordinate international efforts and to create a common voice for CCS. A second option is to use current or create new bilateral partnerships that can be accounted as fast track financing under the UNFCCC, which amounts to $30 billion USD until 2012. The third option is to create bilateral initiatives between developed and developing countries that lead to a new type of carbon credits.

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