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ECN publication
Conditions and costs for renewables electricity grid connection: Examples in Europe
Beurskens, L.W.M.; Swider, Derk J.; Davidson, Sarah; Twidell, John; Pyrko, Jurek; Pr├╝ggler, Wolfgang; Auer, Hans; Vertin, Katarina; Skema, Romualdas
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 10-11-2008
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-V--08-030 Article
Number of pages: Full text:
12 Download PDF  

Published in: Renewable Energy, An International Journal (Elsevier), , 2008, Vol.33, 8, p.1832-1842.

This paper compares conditions and costs for RES-E grid connection in selected European countries. These are Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Austria, Lithuania and Slovenia. Country specific case studies are presented for wind onshore and offshore, biomass and photovoltaic power systems, as based on literature reviews and stakeholder interviews. It is shown that, especially for wind offshore, the allocation of grid connection costs can form a significant barrier for the installation of new RES-E generation if the developer has to bear all such costs. If energy policy makers want to reduce the barriers for new large-scale RES-E deployment, then it is concluded that the grid connection costs should be covered by the respective grid operator. These costs may then be recouped by increasing consumer tariffs for the use of the grid.

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