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ECN publication
Title:
Tailoring the Separation Behavior of Hybrid Organosilica Membranes by Adjusting the Structure of the Organic Bridging Group
 
Author(s):
Castricum, H.L.; Paradis, G.G.; Mittelmeijer-Hazeleger, M.C.; Kreiter, R.; Vente, J.F.; Elshof, J.E. ten
 
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Efficiency & Infrastructure 27-6-2011
 
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-W--11-026 Article (scientific)
 
Number of pages:
12  

Published in: Advanced Functional Materials (Wiley-VCH), , 2011, Vol.21, p.2319-2329.

Abstract:
Hybrid organically linked silica is a highly promising class of materials for the application in energy-effi cient molecular separation membranes. Its high stability allows operation under aggressive working conditions. Herein is reported the tailoring of the separation performance of these hybrid silica membranes by adjusting the size, fl exibility, shape, and electronic structure of the organic bridging group. A single generic procedure is applied to synthesize nanoporous membranes from bridged silsesquioxane precursors with different reactivities. Membranes with short alkylene (CH 2 and C 2 H 4 ) bridging groups show high H 2 /N 2 permeance ratios, related to differences in molecular size. The highest CO 2 /H 2 permeance ratios, related to the affi nity of adsorption in the material, are obtained for longer (C 8 H 16 ) alkylene and aryl bridges. Materials with long fl exible alkylene bridges have a hydrophobic surface and show strongly temperature-dependent molecular transport as well as a high n -butanol fl ux in a pervaporation process, which is indicative of organic polymerlike properties. The versatility of the bridging group offers an extensive toolbox to tune the nanostructure and the affi nity of hybrid silica membranes and by doing so to optimize the performance towards specific separation challenges. This provides excellent prospects for industrial applications such as carbon capture and biofuel production.


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