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TransCom N2O model inter-comparison, Part II: Atmospheric inversion estimates of N2O emissions
Thompson, R.L.; Ishijima, K.; Saikawa, E.; Corazza, M.; Karstens, U.; Katra, P.K.; Bergamaschi, P.; Chevallier, F.; Dlugokencky, E.; Prinn, R.G.; Weiss, R.F.; O'Doherty, S.; Fraser, P.J.; Steele, L.P.; Kummel, P.B.; Vermeulen, A.T.; Tohjima, Y.; Jordan, A.; Haszpra, L.; Steinbacher, M.; Laan, S. van der; Aalto, T.; Meinhardt, F.; Popa, M.E.; Moncrieff, J.; Bousquet, P.
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Environment & Energy Engineering 14-4-2014
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-W--14-013 Article (scientific)
Number of pages:

Published in: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions (Copernicus Publications), , 2014, Vol.14, p.4627-4685.

This study examines N2O emission estimates from 5 different atmospheric inversion frameworks. The 5 frameworks differ in the choice of atmospheric transport model, meteorological data, prior uncertainties and inversion method but use the same prior 5 emissions and observation dataset. The mean emissions for 2006 to 2008 are compared in terms of the spatial distribution and seasonality. Overall, there is a good agreement among the inversions for the mean global total emission, which ranges from 16.1 to 18.7 TgNyr-1 and is consistent with previous estimates. Ocean emissions represent between 31% and 38% of the global total compared to widely varying previous esti10 mates of 24% to 38%. Emissions from the northern mid to high latitudes are likely to be more important, with a consistent shift in emissions from the tropics and subtropics to the mid to high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere; the emission ratio for 0–30 N to 30–90 N ranges from 1.5 to 1.9 compared with 2.9 to 3.0 in previous estimates. The largest discrepancies across inversions are seen for the regions of South and East 15 Asia and for tropical and South America owing to the poor observational constraint for these areas and to considerable differences in the modelled transport, especially interhemispheric exchange rates and tropical convection. Estimates of the seasonal cycle in N2O emissions are also sensitive to errors in modelled stratosphere-to-troposphere transport in the tropics and southern extra-tropics. Overall, the results show a conver20 gence in the global and regional emissions compared to previous independent studies.

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