ECN publication
Membranes for hydrogen production
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Energy Efficiency in Industry 1-3-2004
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-RX--04-016 Conference Paper
Number of pages: Full text:
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Presented at: 1st European Hydrogen Energy Conference, Grenoble, France, 2-5 september 2003.


A sustainable use of fossil fuels in the future will undoubtedly make use of concepts where the energy content of the fossil fuel is transferred to hydrogen. Separation of hydrogen using membranes can play an important role in purification and process intensification of hydrogen production technologies.

In ECN?s vision membranes can play a key role in future hydrogen production systems. The driving force for these concepts is the possibility of capturing CO2 elegantly while using the favourable thermodynamics to increase the efficiency of hydrogen production significantly.

Applications envisaged that are currently investigated are:

  • hydrogen recovery from industrial (waste) streams,
  • hydrogen membrane reactors for water gas shift with parallel removal of hydrogen,
  • small-scale efficient hydrogen production with membrane reactors.

An overview of results of membrane and system development on above applications is presented.

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