ECN publication
ECN contributions to the Power-Gen'96 (Europe) conference :Budapest, Hungary, June 26-28, 1996
Published by: Publication date:
ECN 1996
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-RX--96-047 Other
Number of pages: Full text:
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Fuel cells have been applied for practical power generation in spacecraftsince the first manned flight. Because of their wide range of potentially attractive characteristics and supported by the oil shocks of the 1970's as well as growing environmental concerns, their development for terrestrial applications has been pursued ever since. Today the first widespread demonstrations are taking place. The paper will give a review of the principles, characteristics, construction and system layouts of fuel cells and then focus on user experiences with and evaluation of over 12 demonstration installations in Europe. Finally, the prospects for integration in energy supply infrastructures and further commercialisation will be discussed. 5 figs.

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