ECN publication
Yield modelling for micro inverter, power optimizer and string inverter under clear and partially shaded conditions
Sinapis, K.; Tzikas, C; Donker, M.N. van den; Folkerts, W.; Sark, W.G.J.H.M. van; Smets, A.
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Solar Energy 14-9-2015
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-M--15-006 Conference Paper
Number of pages: Full text:
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Building Integrated and Building Attached Photovoltaic (BIPV, BAPV) systems may suffer from lower performance than predicted as a result of unwanted partial shading. New system architectures have been proposed to optimize performance. The common approach of these new architectures is to track the Maximum Power Point (MPP) of every solar module individually. A simulation model is developed to quantify the benefits and drawbacks of different PV system architectures. The model includes a shading evaluation of the installation with means of 3D modeling, irradiance calculations, PV cell modelling and finally an empirical power conversion model. The energy yield of three leading architectures is confirmed (string inverter, power optimizer, micro inverter) for clear and partial shading conditions by means of an outdoor field test. Results show that there is a clear benefit for MLPE systems at higher irradiance when partial shading is present. The analysis method can be used by PV installers and system designer to determine which is the optimal system architecture for maximum energy yield especially when partial shading is present.

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