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ECN publication
Marktkansen voor brandstofcellen in bedrijfsvoertuigen, deel 1 : beleid
Published by: Publication date:
ECN 1-2-2000
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-C--00-033 ECN publication
Number of pages: Full text:
64 Download PDF  

Diesel vehicles contribute significantly to airborne emission. Vehiclesdriven by fuel cells produce no emission during operation and few emission occurs during the production of hydrogen and during refuelling. Therefore, fuel cell vehicles can contribute to the reduction of environmental impacts due to the transport of people and goods. This study discusses the possible contribution of fuel cell vehicles in reducing the environmental impacts from freight transport by trucks or vans and passenger transport by buses. This contribution depends on developments in fuel cell vehicles and in alternative technologies. Alternative technologies considered in this study are improved diesel vehicles, hybrid vehicles and vehicles using natural gas. The study focuses on the next 10 years. lt is concluded that for the next 10 years, NOx emission reductions by improved diesel technology and use of LPG and CNG will be more cost effective than use of hydrogen fuelled fuel cell vehicles. On the somewhat longer term, fuel cell trucks and buses will be able to contribute to NOx emission reductions for costs comparable to those related to the reduction of NOx emissions by improved diesel vehicles. During the next 10 years, a decrease of the hydrogen price by 50% and a decrease of the fuel cell system costs for buses by 30% are required to be able to compete with vehicles on LPG. However, through the introduction of fuel cell vehicles far lower NOx emissions and noise levels can be achieved than by the alternative technologies. Only by using hybrid trucks and buses can comparable emissions and noise reductions be achieved. By the year 2010, the price of hybrid buses and fuel cell buses are expected to be more or less equal. 23 refs.

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