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ECN publication
Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells
Zhang, D.; Digdaya, I.A.; Santbergen, R.; Swaaij, R.A.C.M.M. van; Bronsveld, P.C.P.; Zeman, M.; Roosmalen, J.A.M. van; Weeber, A.W.
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Solar Energy 24-6-2013
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-W--13-027 Article (scientific)
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Published in: Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells (Elsevier), , 2013, Vol.117, p.132-138.

In this contribution optical simulations of both ?at and textured heterojunction silicon solar cells are presented and veri?ed experimentally. Using Advanced Semiconductor Analysis (ASA) software, we optimize a double-layer anti-re?ective (AR) coating, which has an additional SiOx ?lm on the top of the existing indium tin oxide (ITO) coating. Our approach is based on maximizing the absorbance of the crystalline silicon (c-Si) wafer, which is strongly correlated with the solar cell's short circuit current (Jsc). Our simulations show that for a ?at heterojunction silicon solar cell c-Si absorbance can increase by using a double-layer AR coating instead of a single-layer AR coating. As predicted by the simulations, experimental devices show corresponding Jsc increase, leading to the increase of the solar cell ef?ciency. On a textured heterojunction silicon solar cell the incident light travels an oblique path through the AR coating and we use an advanced ray-tracing model to optimize the single and double-layer AR coating for this case. Our simulations show that for the textured heterojunction silicon solar cell, re?ection losses are lower but parasitic absorption losses in the ITO and amorphous silicon layers play a more important role. Using a double-layer AR coating not only reduces re?ection losses further, but because a thinner ITO layer can be used it also reduces parasitic absorption losses. Experimentally, our textured heterojunction silicon solar cell with a double-layer AR coating shows that the Jsc (active area) of 40.5 mA/cm2 and an ef?ciency of 19.0%.

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