ECN publication
Supporting early Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage development in non-power industrial sectors, Shaanxi Province, China
Dijkstra, J.W.; Mikunda, T.; Coninck, H.C. de; Jansen, D.; Sambeek, E. van; Porter, R.; Jin, H.; Gao, L.; Li, S.
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Policy Studies 16-7-2012
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-O--12-014 Other
Number of pages: Full text:
171 Download PDF  

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a technology that can prevent the release of large quantities of CO2 into the atmosphere from the use of fossil fuels in power generation and other industries by capturing CO2, transporting and then pumping it into underground geologic formations to securely store it away from the atmosphere. Crucially, and why it is worthy of research, is the fact that CCS is a potential means of mitigating the contribution of fossil fuel emissions to global warming. In the context of these reports, Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) refers to the matching of industrial high-purity CO2 sources, such as those of fertiliser plants or coal-to-liquid fuels facilities, with a sink industry which would make beneficial use of the captured and transported CO2, such as Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR). The capture of CO2 from industrial high-purity sources requires much less additional process development than conventional carbon capture from the power generation industries because the production of pure CO2 is already an inherent part of the process, often arising from gasification technology. Similarly, the sink industries may require less development than conventional CO2 storage in geological formations like saline aquifers; hence, CCUS does not refer here to conventional carbon capture and storage.

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