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ECN publication
Energy consumption and net CO2 sequestration of aqueous mineral carbonation
Published by: Publication date:
ECN Biomass, Coal and Environmental Research 15-12-2006
ECN report number: Document type:
ECN-W--06-021 Article (scientific)
Number of pages:

Published in: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (American Chemical Society), , 2006, Vol.45, p.9184-9194.

Aqueous mineral carbonation is a potentially attractive sequestration technology to reduce CO2 emissions. The energy consumption of this technology, however, reduces the net amount of CO2 sequestered. Therefore, the energetic CO2 sequestration efficiency of aqueous mineral carbonation was studied in dependence of various process variables using either wollastonite (CaSiO3) or steel slag as feedstock. For wollastonite, the maximum energetic CO2 sequestration efficiency within the ranges of process conditions studied was 75% at 200 °C, 20 bar CO2, and a particle size of <38 Ìm. The main energy-consuming process steps were the grinding of the feedstock and the compression of the CO2 feed. At these process conditions, a significantly lower efficiency was determined for steel slag (69%), mainly because of the lower Ca content of the feedstock. The CO2 sequestration efficiency might be improved substantially for both types of feedstock by, e.g., reducing the amount of process water applied and further grinding of the feedstock. The calculated energetic efficiencies warrant a further assessment of the (energetic) feasibility of CO2 sequestration by aqueous mineral carbonation on the basis of a pilot-scale process.

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